Einkorn is an ancient grain that dates back approximately a 10 000 years. It is met all over the world however as a grain it is extremely rare. Bulgarian einkorn, unlike other varieties found contains higher than typically met nutrients. Unfortunately in Bulgaria no targeted studies have been conducted to understand and tame the Bulgarian variety of einkorn. Our successfully ongoing project “Einkorn – Ancient Innovation”, which develops a learning methodology for malting and brewing from the einkorn grain, raised several key issues based on PHHD and other conducted pilot studies. The main concern is related to the brewing of beer with the same taste indicators independent of the different harvests. In order to be able to brew beer with the same taste indicators it is necessary to carry out in-depth studies – chemical, physicochemical and especially microbiological analysis on the overall development process.
These studies will provide an overview of the composition and harvest, but in order to produce products with the same taste indicators it is necessary to develop a comprehensive methodology for the cultivation of einkorn with the same taste and elemental indicators. The current proposal focuses on the development of a training methodology for cultivating einkorn with the same elemental and flavor indicators of products independently of the harvest. The Czech partner organization has the technology for growing and cultivating einkorn, but it is adapted to the specifics of the Czech variety of the grain, which has different elemental indicators. In order to transfer the training methodology it needs to be adapted to the Bulgarian conditions and to the needs of the participating organizations.
The technology of growing crops with similar and consistent indicators is directed towards the development of a training methodology for conducting agro technological processes and sector positioning of bio products derived from einkorn. This type of agro technological training is innovative for the entire agricultural sector in Bulgaria due to the rare specifics of the einkorn and the lack of any studies and methodologies for growing and cultivating it. The main target group which the training methodology addresses is agronomists (grain/cereal producers), and secondly stakeholders involved in the production of cereal food/beverage products. The needs addressed are directly related to the fact that conventional agriculture does not-apply modern methodologies for the cultivation of agricultural crops, in other words cropping techniques are based on scientific and practical methods from the 80s and 90s which are outdated. The establishment of a new experimental/testing field, with adjacent research and analysis, will contribute to improving the quality and consistency of einkorn production and brewing in Bulgaria and the participating countries. By developing the foreseen outputs the project will contribute to the improvement of the level of key competences and skills of the target group with regard to their correspondence to the challenges of the labor market within the targeted sector where the shortcomings were identified.